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Ventilation Design Service

Addvents office based ventilation design service is fast becoming a valuable resource for our customers

The design service is part of Addvents commitment to providing electrical contractors with specialist ventilation product support. From detailed drawings supplied by the contractor, the Addvent team can develop a design scheme listing the equipment required for the project. The service applies to all schemes from residential to commercial and industrial projects.

Find out more

Product Selection

Product e319c525240f08620681112f5a5f649f2ba555b71734d6b7f261f63461a278bb

Choosing the Right Fan

Selecting the right fan is important. Choose an Axial fan to move air over short distances or a Centrifugal fan for longer distances. Humidistat fans control the humidity in rooms where condensation is a problem.

Building Regulations for New Build

For New Build with mechanical ventilation, Documents L and F (2010) of the Building Regulations requires that kitchens, bath or shower rooms and toilets, must have the minimum intermittent ventilation rates shown below:

  • Bath/Shower Rooms a minimum extract rate of 15 litres/sec (54m3/hr)
  • Toilets (where separate from a bathroom) – a minimum extract rate of 6 litres/sec (21m3/hr)
  • Domestic Kitchens a minimum extract rate of 60 litres/sec (216m3/hr)
  • Utility Rooms a minimum extract rate of 30 litres/sec (108m3/hr)

Refurbishing Older Properties

Where an older property is being refurbished, different challenges exist. Generally larger rooms with high ceilings and poor insulation means the effects of condensation are often more obvious. For these properties a more appropriate method of fan selection can be to multiply the volume of the room (V) by the appropriate air change rate per hour (ach).

  • Bath/Shower Rooms (V) x 6-20 ach
  • Toilets (where separate from a bathroom) (V) x 3-10 ach
  • Domestic Kitchens (V) x 10-15 ach
  • Utility Rooms (V) x 15-20 ach

Types of Fans

Product e319c525240f08620681112f5a5f649f2ba555b71734d6b7f261f63461a278bb

Standard

for remote switching through a wall light or separate switch

Timer 5a0fc7c733a1fbd8d0bcdef7c30098f4a967b0e6b218914d2f7143b7fa87686a

Timer

with a built-in adjustable time delay operated by the light switch

Pullcord 81220a8e283507e9ca33e4ce90308f5de534c2977156d422565010464bd7f762

Pullcord

with a built-in pullcord switch

Humidity d8724d8affdec9a578c649158ebcab3854c2bf12c76deea0ed62b91dba46737c

Humidity

control with a built-in sensor which operates the fan automatically

Pir e4b8a5dd9a54a2612e0c92b2d210c0d0600e667489c3b56512a4e6c11b7bdb2d

PIR

sensitive to movement, these fans switch on and off when a room is entered or vacated

Fan Selection

Choose an axial fan to move air over short distances – in a window or a through-wall fixing – but they are not suitable for ducting lengths over 2 metres. A centrifugal fan is required for longer distances and performs well against the pressure of long lengths of ducting and the resistance of grilles. A Humidistat fan monitors and controls the humidity in rooms where condensation is a problem. To calculate the right fan for your needs, you will need:

  • The room size (length x width x height)
  • to calculate the room volume the air change rate (from the chart below)
  • Example: For example a kitchen 3m long x 3m wide x 2.5m high has a volume of 22.5m³ and requires 10 air changes: 22.5 x 10 = 225m³/hour.

A suitable fan would be an AVX150MP – with an airflow of 248m3/hour.

Minimum air changes required per hour

BATHROOM/SHOWER 3
BEDROOMS 2
CAFES 10
CANTEENS 8
CELLARS 3
CONFERENCE ROOMS 8
GARAGES 6
WORKSHOPS 6
HAIRDRESSING SALONS 10
HALLS AND LANDINGS 3
HOSPITAL ROOMS 4
KITCHENS (DOMESTIC) 10
LAUNDRIES/LAUNDERETTES 10
LIVING/DOMESTIC ROOMS 3
MEETING ROOMS 4
OFFICES 6
RESTAURANTS/BARS 6
SCHOOL ROOMS 2
SHOPS 8
SPORTS FACILITIES 6
STORE ROOM 3
TOILETS (DOMESTIC) 3
TOILETS (PUBLIC) 10
UTILITY ROOMS 15
CHANGING ROOMS WITH SHOWERS 15

Installation

When sitting and installing extractor fans, the following should be considered:

  • site the fan as far away as possible from the air inlet to the room;
  • the fan should be sited as close as possible to the moisture source;
  • avoid installing close to heat sources to prolong motor life;
  • in bathrooms the fan must not be within reach of a person using the bath or shower and must conform to IET regulations;
  • it is preferable to use a loft or ceiling void for ventilating shower rooms or bathrooms;
  • where ducting runs through unheated areas it should be insulated to prevent condensation. Vertical duct runs should be avoided;
  • ensure adequate air leakage into the rooms to provide replacement fresh air;
  • Do not install extract fans in rooms where open flued appliances are sited.
Ventilation products should always be installed by competent electrician.

Part L and Part F Products

With the 2010 changes to the Building Regulations, as well as minimum airflow requirements (Approved Document F) minimum energy efficiencies are now required (Approved Document L). Addvent offers a complete product range designed to comply with the requirements. The new regulations require a minimum specific fan power (SFP) as minimum energy efficiency. This is measured in watts per litre per second (W/l/s) of airflow extracted and all models in the new range comply. The table below shows the minimum specific fan powers required to comply with the new building regulations.

New and Replacement Systems

  • 1.0 Fan Power

    Mechanical ventilation systems should be designed to minimise electric fan power.

    Specific fan power (SFP) should not be worse than:

    1. 0.5 Watts per litres per second for intermittent extract ventilation systems;
    2. 0.7 Watts per litres per second for continuous extract ventilation systems;
    3. 1.5 Watts per litres per second for continuous supply and extract with heat recovery ventilation systems.

  • 2.0 Heat Recovery Efficiency

    The heat recovery efficiency of balanced mechanical ventilation systems incorporating heat recovery should not be worse than 70%

  • 3.0 Controls

    Intermittent Mechanical extract ventilation systems should be operated by local manual switches or automatically by a presence sensor.

    All other mechanical ventilation systems should have manual or automatic control of the boost facility.

Installed Performance – it needs to comply

The new regulations require the installer to sign off the installation including airflow measurements. These Addvent fans are designed to comply with the installation requirements as set out in the domestic Ventilation Guide as part of Approved Document F. When installing there are a few simple rules that will help ensure compliance with installation and commissioning requirements in the 2010 Part F and the 2010 Part L of the Building Regulations for England and Wales.

Rectangular or circular rigid duct should be used wherever possible; if necessary, flexible ducts maybe used, but should be kept to a minimum, connecting to rigid ductwork as soon as practicable.

A maximum length of 1.5m of flexible ductwork is permitted when connecting to axial fans; for centrifugal fans this limit is 6 metres (for extract rates of 6-30 l/s) and 3 meters (for extract rates of 31-60 l/s).

Two bends may be incorporated in a system up to 30l/s, reducing to one bend for extract rates above 30l/s. The inner radius of any bend must be greater, or equal to the diameter of the ducting used to keep resistance low.

Flexible ducting must be pulled taught to minimise resistance, this is considered to be achieved if extended at least 90% of the total duct length. Ductwork should be insulated where it passes through unheated areas and voids. Horizontal Ducting, including ducting in walls, should be installed with a slight downward slope away from the fan to prevent moisture backflow. Flexible ducting must be installed without peaks or troughs.

Vertical ducting requires a condensate trap in order to prevent moisture backflow into the product.

Please contact our technical department for further information, telephone 0117 923 5375
Performance img 713f1c1cfdbd36ee5cd2b606a1f70598fb7352bb0dd4bea1f5f55e5f449a5aa2
  • The inner radius of any bend should be greater or equal to the diameter of the ducting being used. If the radius is reduced, the resistance of the bend will increase and the volume of the air being extracted will decrease (image on the left)
  • Ensure flexible ducting is installed without peaks or troughs (image on the right)

Technical Guide

Warranty

Guarantee ebfa8eb532281bc2e02fd7644733beabc76a0ad292b7375d3736515e9561318b

Addvent is so confident in the quality of its installed products that they carry an exceptional five-year, no quibble exchange warranty.

Some domestic, commercial and industrial ventilation products carry a 2-year exchange warranty and some air conditioning products a one-year exchange warranty.

If for any reason you or your customer is not entirely satisfied Addvent will exchange the product concerned without question.

The Zones and Use of Equipment

Bathroom zones are identified from 0 to 2, with 0 being the wettest, the former Zone 3 is now undefined. Any electrical item approved for use in a zone may be used in another zone with a higher number, but not in a lower number zone.

Zones img db6077db83165f5926ed48539805f9831e4ad3c22015aa7fff1fe94727bc1560
  • Zone 0

    Zone 0 The interior of the bath or shower which can hold water. Requires Low-voltage (max 12V) electrical products and to be IPX7 (the mechanical protection is unimportant).

  • Zone 1

    Zone 1 The area directly above zone 0 is limited vertically to 2.25m above the bottom of the bath or shower. Requires electrical products to be IPX4 or better, or SELV with the transformer located beyond Zone 2. If the fitting is 240v, a 30mA RCD must protect the circuit.

  • Zone 2

    Zone 2 If the fitting is 240v, a 30mA RCD must protect the circuit. Zone 2 The area beyond zones 0 and 1, 0.6m horizontally and up to 2.25m vertically. Zone 2 also includes any window with a sill next to the bath. Requires electrical products to be IPX4 or better, or SELV with the transformer located beyond Zone 2.

  • Zone U

    Unzoned The area beyond Zone 2, previously referred to as Zone 3, is now undefined. Where previously Addvent products were shown as suitable for Zone 3 they now display this Unzoned badge.

3m Beyond Zone 1 When a bathroom extends 3 metres beyond zone 1, portable equipment is permitted. Any socket used for this portable equipment must be protected by a 30mA RCD.

Bathroom Regulations

Bath 01a80b91f4e0d1d9c9e129936b7810f97828527d89e243f1a4ec1e24da29bce2

Important Changes

Under NICEIC Wiring Regulations bathrooms represent an increased electrical hazard. The 17th Edition regulations make some changes regarding technical alignment with European Harmonisation Documents, as well as additional definitions and requirements.

A significant change is that 30mA RCD protected socket outlets are now permitted beyond a distance of 3m from Zone 1. They remain prohibited within 3m of Zone 1. There are some changes to the defined zones in the bathroom. Zones 1 and 2 remain. but Zone 3 is no longer defined (see the amended typical bathroom illustration above). The regulations continue to demand a minimum of IPX4 in Zones 1 and 2.

Addvent offers a range of IP24-rated fans which meet these regulations and also offer a range of IP44 Low-voltage fans – recommended for added safety.

As well as IP numbers, items may be classed as PELV or SELV.

  • Protective Extra-Low-voltage (PELV) – the item uses Low-voltage but it is connected to earth.
  • Safety Extra-Low-voltage (SELV) – also a low-voltage system but with the output isolated from the input.

All Addvent low-voltage products are classed SELV.

What is IP rating?

Electrical equipment may be identified as having a certain level of mechanical and moisture protection. This is called Ingress Protection and is quoted as an IP number - such as IPXY, where X and Y are numbers. X indicates the level of mechanical protection and Y the level of moisture protection. In both cases, the higher the number, the better the protection. If an item of electrical equipment is not IP rated, it must not be used in zones 0, 1 or 2 (or elsewhere in a wet/damp environment).
Typical IP Rated Items

Typical electrical items which are marked with IP numbers include: extractor fans, lighting, heaters, shower pumps, electric showers. Shaver power points are not IP rated. If they comply with BS EN 60742 they may be located in Zone 2 (or beyond) providing they are unlikely to be subject to direct spray from a shower. Standard fittings – such as wall sockets, flexible cord outlets and fused switches – are not IP rated so must not be installed within zones 0, 1 or 2. Although 30mA RCD protected socket outlets are now permitted beyond a distance of 3m from Zone 1.

IP rating digit information

Figures shown are recommendations. Where an X appears in this catalogue, the product has not been tested.

First Digit(x) Protection against solids
  1. No protection
  2. Protected against solid objects greater than 50mm
  3. Protected against solid objects greater than 12mm
  4. Protected against solid objects greater than 2.5mm
  5. Protected against solid objects greater than 1mm
  6. Protected against dust
  7. Total protection from dust
Second digit (Y) Protection against liquids
  1. No protection
  2. Protection against vertical water drops
  3. Protection against direct water spray up to 15° from vertical
  4. Protection against direct water spray up to 60° from vertical
  5. Protection against direct water spray from all directions
  6. Protection against low pressure jets of water from all directions
  7. Protection against jets of water of similar force to heavy seas
  8. Protection against immersion between 150-1000mm
  9. Protection against submersion

Approvals and Compliance

BEAB

The ‘BEAB Approved’ mark is an electrical safety mark whose scope covers electrical products for domestic and small office use. It demonstrates that the UK’s leading, independent approvals specialists have evaluated a product to the highest European and International standards and that a product meets the essential requirements of the relevant EU Directives.

CE APPROVAL

The CE mark is the manufacturer’s declaration to appropriate enforcement authorities that the product complies with all relevant European Directives, such as the Low-voltage Directive for Safety (73/23/EEC, amended by 93/96/EEC) and the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive for Radio Interference (89/336/EEC, amended by 92/31/EEC), see below. Addvent products comply with European Directives and carry the CE mark.

EMC COMPLIANCE

With increasing levels of electrical equipment comes the need to limit interference. The Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 89/336/EEC, as amended by 91/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC, set standards for interference levels: products must be constructed so that they do not cause excessive electromagnetic interference and are not unduly affected by electromagnetic interference. Most electrical and electronic products marketed in the European Economic Area must comply with the EMC Directive. Where Addvent products have been tested and conform to these regulations, this is indicated by the symbol shown opposite.

ROHS COMPLIANCE

RoHS – Restriction of Hazardous Substances, Directive 2002/95/EC – restricts the use of specific hazardous materials found in electrical and electronic products. All applicable products in the EU market after July 1, 2006 must pass RoHS compliance. The substances banned under RoHS are lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), hexavalent chromium (CrVI), polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).

WEEE REGULATIONS

Addvent fully conforms to Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment Regulations which came into full effect on 1 July 2007. If you are in any doubt about the safe disposal of WEEE products, please contact us for advice on 0117 923 5375 or fax our technical team on 0117 923 5374.

Full product details are available from our technical department, for further information
  • Telephone 0117 923 5375
  • Email addventdesignservice@adivision.co.uk